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What is Asthma?

Bronchial Asthma is a chronic respiratory diseases. Asthma affects the airways leading to airflow limitations and breathlessness. It is characterised by symptoms such as cough, wheeze, chest tightness and shortness of breath. Asthma affects the children as well as adults and old aged people.

 

How does it occur?

There are various reasons that contributes to bronchial Asthma. Asthma is also related to genetic factors, Exposure to allergic substances also causes asthma.Occupational exposure to fumes, dusts (Organic inorganic) may lead to occupational asthma. After inhalation of the allergen, the allergen binds to  the mast cells of the sensitized host leading to airway inflammation and release of mediators of inflammation, thereby causing airflow limitation. Exposure to pollen grain, animal danders, organic and inorganic dusts, cattle’s, birds and domestic pet animals are some of the causes of asthma.

 

How many people are likely to be affected by asthma out of 10?

The incidence of Asthma is quite high. The expected of asthma is 400 million worldwide by 2025.The rate of asthma increases as the communities adopt western life styles and become urbanized asthma accounts for 1 in 250 deaths world wide. The increase in prevalence of asthma has been associated with an increase in atopic sensitigation.

 

Types of Asthma

Asthma is of different types depending upon the etiology. The type of asthma depends upon the causative factor. Some types of asthma are allergic asthma, non allergic asthma, late onset asthma, occupational asthma and asthma with fixed airflow obstruction

 

Before Treatment VS After Treatment

There are lot of challenges in treating asthma. some of the symptoms of asthma are cough, dyspnoea, wheeze and chest tightness. Sleep disturbance and poor quality of sleep/fragmented sleep, absense from work due to frequent symptoms are some of the consequences of untreated asthma. Treating asthma appropriately improves quality of life and good outcome and also helps to reduce the number of exacerbations

 

How can asthma be settled? In Meditation necessary for asthma?

Asthma can be settled by pharmacological and non pharmacological measures. Medication are necessary for asthma for treating acute condition. Medications improves the air flow and prevents Bronchoconstriction  and improves quality of life. Some of the non pharmacological measures and prevention such as avoiding allergens plays an important role in treating asthma.